Six types of engineers
In this article we will deal with the main types of engineers available in professional careers that include this area of work.
Aerospace engineers are concerned with the design, analysis, construction, testing and operation of flight vehicles, including aircraft, helicopters, rockets and spacecraft. This career is based on the fundamentals of fluid dynamics, materials science, structural analysis, propulsion, aerospace design, automatic control and orientation and the development of computer programs.
Chemical engineers work in various fields such as oil refining, fertilizer technology, food processing and agricultural products, synthetic foods, petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, the mineral and metal-based industry, and prevention and control of environmental pollution. Chemical engineering has to do with the development and improvement of processes, design, construction, operation, administration and security of the plants of these processes and research in these areas.
A civil engineer has to do with the planning, analysis, design, construction and maintenance of a variety of facilities such as buildings, roads, railways, airports, waterways, canals, dams, feeding houses, wastewater treatment, wastewater systems, water evacuation, quality control of the environment, docks, ports, bridges, tunnels, among others. A civil engineer is also necessary to deal with the critical problems of today, such as disaster mitigation and management, construction of offshore structures for oil production, among others.
Mechanical engineers design and develop everything we consider as a machine and influence the design of other products. Many mechanical engineers specialize in areas such as manufacturing, robotics, automotive or transportation and air conditioning. The mechanical engineer can design a component, a machine, a system or a process, in addition, the mechanical engineers analyze the relationship of the design of the product with the principles of movement, energy and force to ensure that the product works safely, efficient, reliable, and can be manufactured at a competitive cost.
Production engineering with an integrated design and effective planning of the manufacturing system is becoming to a certain extent a more complex process related to the appearance of sophisticated production methods and control systems. Work and areas of application: The opportunities of this professional career are available in the manufacturing organizations of the public and private sectors involved in the implementation, development and management of new production processes, information and control systems and inspection equipment that is they commission the assembly and handling of the product.
Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and techniques in the medical field. It combines the design and the ability to solve engineering problems related to the medical and biological sciences, in a way that helps to improve the care of the patient’s health and the quality of life of the people.